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二次的被害(1)

 まだ、明日の講義の準備が出来ていないので、じっくりと時間をかけて記事を書いている暇がありません。それでも、どうしても、気になったので、一言だけ。

 ガンジーさんのブログを経由して、今回の新潟県中越地震の報道のありかたについて、いろんな議論があったことを知りました。今回の地震が特別という訳ではなく、これまでいろんな事件・事故の報道のあり方については、私も言いたいことはたくさんあるけれど、PTSD研究者を目指す者として、ずっと心に引っかかっていることがあります。

 遺族の方は、特に奥さんと長女を一度に亡くしたご主人は、今どんな思いでいるのでしょうか?

 長男だけでも助かってよかった、と素直に喜べる状態ではとてもないはずです。そんなときに、ご本人がこういう議論がネット上で飛び交っていることを知って、どう反応するだろうか、と想像するだけでも辛いです。

 いろんな事故・事件が起こるたびに、いい噂も悪い噂も流れます。どこかに原因を求めたい人間の性質なのか、真実を知りたがる人間の思考の癖なのか、「これがあったからこの事故(事件)が起こったんだ」と結論を出そうとする。

 でも、残された人たちにとって、それはそんなに重要な事ではないのです。

 たとえ正確な裏付けと調査によって、真実が明らかになったとしても、遺族にとっては大切な人がいなくなったことに変わりはありません。

 そして、「自分だけがこうして生きていることが申し訳ない」「あの時に自分が別の判断をしていたら起きなかっただろうに」といった、強い罪悪感や自責感を感じていることに対し、真実が分かったところでそういう遺族の感情を和らげる何の助けにもならないのです。

 起こった出来事は1つしかありません。しかしそれに対する反応や見方が人によって違うことで、いろんな問題が起こるのです。例えば、田中さんには田中さんの、木村さんには木村さんの見方や考え方があっていいのです。新聞記事だって、ニュースだって、100%客観的なものを作るのは不可能です。必ず作り手の主観から、何らかのバイアスがかかっていると考えた方が賢明です。

 それを、責めるつもりも批判するつもりも全くありません。むしろ、その人はこういった事件や事故(あるいは今回のような災害)をこんな風に受け止めているんだ、と理解するチャンスにもなると考えることもできます。

 ただ、どのような意見であっても、遺族の立場を少しでも配慮したものであって欲しいと思います。

 それが欠けていることによって、大切な人たちを失った遺族の感情をさらに傷つけてしまうことにならないか、それが私が最も憂慮していることです。

 事件・事故、そして災害の被害者は、とても周囲の反応に敏感になります。だからこそ、彼らの置かれた立場や感情を考慮しない言動、そして報道は、彼らの傷をさらに深めることになるのです。

 そうやって、二次的被害が起きているのです。トラウマとなった出来事以上に、二次的被害のために苦しんでいる人たちは、非常に多いです。

 今回の地震に関しても、できるだけこういった被害が最小限にとどめられるようにと願ってやみません。


 さて、いい加減準備しないと徹夜になるので、残りは後日に。

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Comments

こんにちは。
ちょっとムカつく言い方を聞いてしまいました。
年配の方だったんですけど、助かった子供の事を
「あれで父親が再婚したら邪魔にされちゃうのよ」って。
今どうしてそんな発言が出来るのでしょうか。
ひどすぎますよね。
心ない人の為にどれだけ傷つくのか・・・
『その後』の報道もいい加減止めた方がいいと思うんです。
静かに見守ってあげて欲しいですよね。

Posted by: 姐さん | 2004.11.02 at 02:08 PM

うーん、そんな心理状態にとてもなれないと思うのですが…そういう風な受け止め方をする人もいるんですね。
悲しいことですが、想像力の働かせ方を間違えている人たちがいるのも事実ですか…。

しばらくそっとしてあげて欲しいものです。

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